Because of its flexibility in opening hours and access, a container depot can act as an extended part of the port as a satellite terminal. Often it is an affordable place to store containers as at port terminals. In the event of high terminal overload, empty containers can be transported for storage in the depot and then used for export activities. Containers that need to be repositioned can be brought to the terminal during off-peak hours. Container depots therefore serve as a buffer for terminals by storing empty containers, which represent a low-value activity that takes valuable properties to the terminals. Container depots may be owned by the state, the private public or the private public. In Europe and North America, different parts take over such as port operators, railways, shipping companies. When it comes to Asia, India and China are mostly state-owned, especially container depots in India are managed by container corporation of India (CONCOR). ICDs in East Africa are most often covered by the private sector, although private and public partnerships are encouraged to deposit containers, which are an important part of the global supply chain. They manage the fluidity of the cargo for shippers, shipowners and spesiters and tenants in general.
The container depot is responsible for consolidating the goods that are then loaded onto the ship. This is not only a consolidation point, but also a station for container maintenance services such as repair, cleaning or inspection. Empty containers owned by leasing companies or shipping companies are stored here for reuse or repositioning. It is a foreign exchange market for importers and exporters to sell or buy container facilities. The container deposit site is an important feature. A container depot near the terminals helps reduce the number of movements. The depots are located near ports and in the hinterland, known as inland container depots (ICDs). In a metropolitan area with high terminal density, container depots near ports can better respond to freight distribution services and may have a softening effect if it is part of the supply chain. However, if located close to the shippers. Many exporters, importers, shipowners and customs officers do not see a difference between ICD/CFS as a point of consolidation.
In most cases, the CFS is close to the port of entry and stores cargo that does not fully fill the containers and waits for other cargoes to fill them. So it`s mainly LCL freight. CFS helps thaw ports. These stations are also connected to rail or road transport. Here you will find a list of container deposits in the top 20 transaction sites on the xChange platform. It is customary for shipping companies with hundreds of container depots around the world to be contracted to have a wider customer base and help their customers to be flexible. On the other hand, the CDI is located in the hinterland away from the ports it serves. They most often serve FCL freight and can also be linked to road and rail transport. While the CFS is closely linked to the port, the CDI is a separate unit that itself has the same authority as a customs post.